Space Rocket "Energia" and "Buran" 1/72 Scale Plastic Model Kit Amodel 72026
Era : 1980-1999
Scale : 1/72
Material : Plastic
Series: Legendary Aircrafts
Recommended Age Range: 12 Years & Up
Buran is a Soviet orbital spacecraft-rocket plane of the reusable space transport system (MTKS), created as part of the Energiya-Buran program.
The first and only space flight "Buran" made on November 15, 1988 in automatic mode, without a crew on board; they didn’t launch it anymore (“Buran” was designed for 100 flights into space: 2). A number of technical solutions obtained during the creation of Buran were used in Russian and foreign rocket and space technology.
"Buran" was intended for:
launching into orbits, servicing them and returning to Earth spacecraft, cosmonauts and cargo;
carrying out military-applied research and experiments to ensure the creation of large space systems using weapons based on long-known and recently studied physical principles;
solution of target tasks in the interests of the national economy, science and defense;
complex counteraction to the measures of a potential adversary to expand the use of outer space for military purposes.
In April 1973, in the military-industrial complex, with the involvement of leading institutions (TsNIIMash, NIITP, TsAGI, VIAM, 50 Central Research Institute, 30 Central Research Institute), a draft decision of the military-industrial complex on the problems of associated with the creation of a reusable space system. In government Decree No. P137 / VII of May 17, 1973, in addition to organizational issues, there was a clause obliging "Minister S. A. Afanasyev and V. P. Glushko to prepare proposals on a plan for further work within four months."
The performance specification for the development of a reusable space system was issued by the Main Directorate of Space Facilities of the USSR Ministry of Defense and approved by Dmitry Ustinov on November 8, 1976. In the same year, the specially created NPO Molniya became the lead developer of the ship. The new association was headed by Gleb Lozino-Lozinsky, who already in the 1960s worked on the Spiral reusable aerospace system project.