Russian Riot Police (OMON), 1990 1/35 Scale Plastic Model Kit Mars Figures 35001
Era : 1980-1999
Scale : 1/35
Material : Plastic
Recommended Age Range: 12 Years & Up
OMON (special purpose mobile detachment, formerly a special purpose police detachment) - special units of the Russian Guard, involved in solving the problems of ensuring public order and public safety, including at mass actions and events, as well as in "hot spots" on the territory of Russia and in the prevention of riots.
OMON units are better armed than the police, and the officers also receive special training.
These militia detachments operated where open warfare gave way to guerrilla warfare. The detachment consisted of four foot and one cavalry platoons. The state provided for 285 people. In those days, there was no such thing as a “riot policeman,” so these detachments were called guards.
On the territory of the USSR in the 1980s, organized crime was actively developing and the situation was heating up in the republics of the Soviet Union. Each OBPSSM had special operational companies, their employees formed the backbone of the OMON, based in a city with a population of more than 350,000 people. The task of the OMON included: ensuring law and order at mass events, dispersing demonstrations and rallies unauthorized by the authorities in the Soviet Republics, disarming gangs, detaining especially dangerous criminals. The general political situation in the republics, especially in the Baltic states, was gradually heating up and OMON officers often participated in such actions, becoming the object of political discussions. The press in such cases most often did not complain about the riot police. Officially, the OMON units were created on October 3, 1988 - during the period of perestroika, when instability in society began to grow, mass riots began to occur. Initially, OMON existed in large cities: Moscow, Leningrad, Minsk, Riga, Vilnius, Kyiv, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Chelyabinsk, Tyumen. In 1993, OMON units were created in the police at each Central Internal Affairs Directorate (ATC). During the conflict in the North Caucasus and the establishment of constitutional order, OMON units were regularly sent to the Caucasus on business trips to help the local police, carrying out various activities to protect the civilian population. OMON has always been the most criticized structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The selection to the OMON units was tough, sports ranks and achievements were welcomed. Often the most trained employees were taken away from other departments, even if the management was against it. Decisions about this were made at the level of the head of the Central Internal Affairs Directorate. Candidates for the OMON unit had to have experience in military service