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Red Box

Moscow Infantry (Ratniki). 16 Century 1/72 Scale Plastic Model Kit Red Box 72112

Theme: Military

Era : 1501-1799

Scale : 1/72

Material : Plastic

Series: Figures

Recommended Age Range: 12 Years & Up

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The army of the Russian state is the armed forces (army, army) of the Russian kingdom, formerly the Grand Duchy of Moscow, starting from the reign of Ivan III and until the creation of a regular army by Peter I.
The Grand Duchy of Moscow was the successor to the Grand Duchy of Vladimir, which, in turn, was one of the principalities into which Kievan Rus broke up. It is customary to consider the history of the armed forces of the principality from the middle of the 13th century (although Moscow replaced Vladimir as the political center of North-Eastern Rus' in the second half of the 14th century). This is due to the Mongol invasion, which led to a regression in the economy and, as a result, the armed organization of Rus' - primarily due to the repeated devastation of cities during the second half of the 13th century - the trade and craft centers of North-Eastern Rus', as well as the establishment from 1259 years of the Mongol Empire (then the Golden Horde) control over the Volga trade route connecting Central Asia with Northern Europe. In particular, foot arrows as a kind of weapon (arms), traced in Rus' since the end of the 12th century, cease to be mentioned after 1242, and the importance of the bow in horse squads increases again. The new eastern danger only supplemented the previous ones, so Rus' faced the prospect of solving more complex tasks at the expense of fewer resources compared to the previous period of its history. So, for example, from 1228 to 1462, Rus' participated in no less than 302 wars and campaigns, of which 200 were with external opponents. In such a situation, by the second half of the XIV century, the process of transformation of the squad, which was divided into senior and junior, into the court of the prince and the regiment, which began in the XII century in Southern Rus', was completed. Most researchers consider the city regiments not as feudal cavalry militias of the respective principalities, but as foot militias of the respective cities, and trace them back to the 16th century. The prevailing opinion is that in the Battle of Kulikovo the center of the Russian army was represented by a people's militia on foot, although nothing is known about the division of the united troops into tactical units according to the types of weapons (troops) (as in 1185, for example, when the total number of regiments reached 6, nothing is known, all 5 tactical regiments were formed from city regiments led by the princes of the respective principalities, and when calculating the losses, two categories of the dead are distinguished - senior and junior combatants.