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Ilyushin Il-78 Tanker 1983 Year 1/72 Scale Plastic Model Kit Amodel 72033

Theme: Military

Era : 1980-1999

Scale : 1/72

Material : Plastic

Series: Legendary Aircrafts

Recommended Age Range: 12 Years & Up

Regular price $200.00
Regular price Sale price $200.00
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Il-78 (according to NATO codification: Midas) is a Soviet tanker aircraft. It was created on the basis of the Il-76MD aircraft and is intended for air refueling of military aircraft. Equipped with a hose-cone air filling system. Currently, this is the only specialized type of tanker aircraft in service with the Russian Air Force. It can also be used as a military transport aircraft (lost this ability in the Il-78M modification).
In connection with the need to replace obsolete tanker aircraft Tu-16N, M-4-2 and 3M-3, in the early 70s, work began on the creation of a new specialized machine based on the Il-76. The main tasks for the new aircraft were: increasing the range of aircraft; increasing the mobility of aviation units and formations during their maneuver; urgent delivery of fuel to advanced airfields and maneuver airfields; transportation of goods and personnel when converted into a transport option. However, the aircraft became truly suitable for this role only with the appearance in 1981 of the Il-76MD modification with a take-off weight increased to 190 tons, in the fuselage of which two cylindrical tanks of 23460 liters were installed included in the common fuel system. The prototype of the new tanker aircraft (registration number USSR-76556) made its first flight on June 26, 1983 (commander of the ship - test pilot V. S. Belousov). Serial production was launched in 1984 at the Tashkent Aviation Production Association in parallel with the Il-76.
A characteristic difference between the new development and the previous tanker aircraft, mainly focused on servicing long-range aviation, was the ability to interact with front-line aviation aircraft, as well as air defense aviation. Three devices were installed on the car (two on the wings and one in the aft fuselage on the left side) UPAZ-1 (Unified outboard refueling unit), which was developed at Zvezda Research and Production Enterprise under the direction of G. I. Severin and V. I. Kharchenko.
UPAZ-1 includes a system for emergency disconnection of the hose from the refueling unit in any released position, emergency separation of the unit from the refueling aircraft, anti-icing system, fire alarm system.