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E.E.Canberra Mk.8 1949 Year 1/144 Scale Plastic Model Kit Amodel 1429

Theme: Airplanes

Era : 1946-1959

Scale : 1/144

Material : Plastic

Series: Legendary Aircrafts

Recommended Age Range: 12 Years & Up

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English Electric Canberra is a British medium bomber. He made his first flight on May 13, 1949 . It has been in service with the Royal Air Force since 1951 , some aircraft were used until 2006 . In total , about 950 aircraft were built in the UK and Australia .

"Canberra" was exported to 15 countries of the world and was used in many military conflicts. In the United States, the aircraft was produced under license under the designation B-57 .

In 1944, the Ministry of the Air Force announces a competition for the creation of an aircraft that was supposed to replace the high-altitude high-speed bomber without protective weapons De Havilland Mosquito . Several British aircraft manufacturing enterprises participated in the competition. Among the companies that passed the preliminary selection of the competition and were admitted to the development of the project assignment was English Electric - an enterprise with strong production, but with little experience in the development of aircraft (at the beginning of World War II, in conditions of a severe shortage of bombers, English Electric produced Handley Page Hampden aircraft under license , and later the four-engined bomber Handley Page Halifax ).

In 1944, Petter, chief engineer and lead designer for Westland Aircraft, completed the design work for the P.1056 twin-engine fighter-bomber. This project used two fuselage-mounted Metropolitan-Vickers F.2/4 Beryl engines. Despite the advantages of this bomber, the authorities doubted the suitability of this project when using unpaved airfields, as well as the characteristics of the aircraft at low altitudes. As a result, many enterprises abandoned this project. In December 1944, Petter moved to English Electric, where he was able to build his project. The following year, English Electric set up their own aircraft design group.

In June 1945, the first model appeared, the main difference of which from the Canberra was a single, centrally mounted turbojet engine - a scheme with two underwing engines appeared later that year. On January 7, 1946, the Ministry of Supply awarded a contract for the development and production of four English Electric A.1 aircraft. The aircraft bore this name until January 1950, when Sir John Nelson, president of English Electric, named it after Canberra , the capital of Australia , which became the first foreign buyer of the aircraft.