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Avro Lancaster B.I/B.III 1941 Year 1/144 Scale Plastic Model Kit Amodel 1411

Theme: Military

Era : 1939-1945 WWII

Scale : 1/144

Material : Plastic

Series: Legendary Aircrafts

Recommended Age Range: 12 Years & Up

Regular price $23.89
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Avro 683 Lancaster (Eng. Avro 683 Lancaster) - British four-engine heavy bomber, which was in service with the Royal Air Force. It was the main, along with the Halifax, heavy bomber of the Royal Air Force during World War II (it accounted for 3/4 of the entire bomb load dropped in WWII by British aircraft).

The geographical position of the United States and Great Britain led to the adoption of a military doctrine on the use of aviation to destroy the industrial potential of Germany and its allies. During the Second World War in these countries, emphasis was placed on the creation of heavy four-engine bombers.

In England, such aircraft began to be designed in the mid-30s. With the outbreak of World War II, three bombers of this class were adopted by the Royal Air Force - Stirling, Halifax and Lancaster. The Stirling entered service in August 1940, the Halifax in September 1940, and the Lancaster in 1942. As a result, the Lancaster became the best and most massive British heavy bomber.

The first sortie of the Lancasters was made in March 1942. In total, the Lancasters made more than 156,000 sorties and dropped more than 600,000 tons of bombs. The bomber was used for a variety of other missions, including precision daylight strikes, the delivery of Tallboy and Grand Slam super-heavy bombs. The aircraft gained great fame after the operation "Big Whipping" carried out in 1943 - the bombing of river dams in the Ruhr Valley.

The aircraft was named after the small English town of Lancaster.

"Lancaster" is a further development of the design of the twin-engine medium bomber "Manchester". "Manchester" in its bomb load of 4695 kg can be attributed to heavy bombers, but the Rolls-Royce Valcher engines (Eng. Rolls-Royce Vulture), with which it was equipped and which allowed it to carry such a bomb load, were distinguished by low reliability and never were finished, and the presence of only two engines did not allow the aircraft to safely return to base in the event of a failure of one of them.

Roy Chadwick, the chief designer of Avro, proposed to equip the car with four more reliable, but less powerful Rolls-Royce Merlin engines and an increased span wing, while retaining the old fuselage. The installation of four engines made it possible to increase the maximum combat load from 4695 to 6350 kg, the fuel supply from 6435 to 8153 liters, the flight range from 1930 to 3780 km, the ceiling was more than doubled. The new aircraft received the designation Avro Type 683.

On January 9, 1941, test pilot H. Thorne took off the prototype, which had tail number BT308. Initially, the aircraft was considered one of the modifications of the "Manchester" and was designated as Manchester III; later he received his own name - Lancaster. The prototype had a three-keel tail, borrowed from the "Manchester"; later it was replaced by a two-fin one, with which the aircraft went into production. Following the model of the Lancaster, the tail of the Manchester was also changed, the production of which was growing rapidly. Avro received an order to build four Lancaster prototypes.