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Amodel

AN602 "Tsar Bomba" Nuclear bomb 1/72 Scale Plastic Model Kit Amodel 72265

Theme: Military

Era : 1946-1959

Scale : 1/72

Material : Plastic

Series: Bomb

Recommended Age Range: 12 Years & Up

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AN602 (aka Tsar Bomba, and also (erroneously) RDS-202 and RN202) is a thermonuclear aerial bomb developed in the USSR in 1956-1961 by a group of nuclear physicists led by Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences I. V. Kurchatov.

AN602 tests took place on October 30, 1961 by dropping from a Tu-95V aircraft at the Dry Nose nuclear test site (Novaya Zemlya Island). The measured power of the explosion was 58.6 megatons of TNT, or about 2.4 x 1017 J, which corresponds to a mass defect of 2.65 kg.

The AN602 tests clearly demonstrated the Soviet Union's possession of an unlimited power weapon of mass destruction. The scientific result was an experimental verification of the principles of calculation and design of thermonuclear charges of a multistage type.

AN602 was a modification of the RN202 project.

The Tsar Bomba is the most powerful explosive device ever made in the history of mankind. The bomb is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the most powerful thermonuclear device ever tested. A number of published books, even authorship of the participants in the development of the 602 product, contain inaccuracies that are replicated in other sources.

In the mid-1950s, the United States had superiority over the USSR in nuclear weapons. Although thermonuclear charges had already been created in the USSR by that time, they did not have the necessary diversity. Also in the 1950s, there were no effective means of delivering nuclear weapons to the United States. The USSR did not have a real possibility of a retaliatory nuclear strike against the United States.

In addition to foreign policy and propaganda considerations - to respond to US nuclear blackmail - the creation of the Tsar Bomba fit into the concept of nuclear deterrence adopted during the leadership of the country by G. M. Malenkov and N. S. Khrushchev, which was reduced to a nuclear bluff in order to create the appearance nuclear balance.

Also on June 23, 1960, a Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR was issued on the creation of a super-heavy ballistic missile N-1 (GRAU index - 11A52) with a warhead weighing 75 tons (for a comparative assessment - the mass of the warhead tested in 1964. The UR-500 ICBM was 14 tons ).

Development of new designs of nuclear and thermonuclear munitions requires testing, which confirms the operability of the device, its safety in emergency situations and the estimated energy release during the explosion.